This is what we see reflections of today. In short, we can say that here we encounter the classic problem in political theory since antiquity tyranny versus freedom. WEAKNESS OF RATIONAL DEBATE In our modern age, this battle takes new, drastic forms, as the general public now puts more direct pressure on the elites and the electoral system than ever before. That democracy is representative seems to have been forgotten. The room is open to all forms of populism where the core is that it reflects the simple people and NB only they must be of direct importance to policy making. In this perspective, all forms of intermediate links become elite controlled obstacles to the popular vote.
Democracy seems to face a gigantic problem with popular formation when the basis for informed and factual political opinion is weakened like this. In Europe, for example, vaccine skepticism now runs together with right wing nationalist contempt for democracy, which aligns closely with immigration, bordering whatsapp mobile number list on racism. This is one way to make right wing extremism mainstream. Let us now look more closely at the autocratic turn. Names like Xi in China, Modi in India, Putin in Russia, Maduro in Venezuela, Erdogan in Turkey, Orbán and Kaczynski in Hungary and Poland, Bolsonairo in Brazil and Duterte in the Philippines and now Ferdinand Marcos, Jr. they are all judging by this anti democratic turn since.
The post Castroist regime in Cuba is also part of the trend, not to forget Assad in Syria, Al Sissi in Egypt, and the regimes in Sudan, South Sudan and Somalia, which have never be democratic. In Algeria, all temptations to democratization have stagnated. Even in Tunis, where the Arab Spring took hold, it seems that democracy has been replaced by a strong presidential power that threatens the reforms. The United States sees all these tendencies in pure form. Trump belongs to the same right wing family. Calling Boris Johnson an autocrat is perhaps not so apt. But the demagogic, populist methods he put forward during Brexit nevertheless remind one of a temperament with authoritarian tendencies and a penchant for strongman cultivation compare his astonishment on these pages at his hero, Churchill, about whom he has written a book Both.